By James B Greenough, J. H. Allen, G. L. Kittredge, A. A. Howard, Benj. L. D'Ooge
This sourcebook's three-part remedy starts off with phrases and varieties, overlaying elements of speech, declensions, and conjugations. the second one half, syntax, explores instances, moods, and tenses. The concluding part deals info on archaic usages, Latin verse, and prose composition, between different topics. broad appendixes characteristic a thesaurus of phrases and indexes. scholars of historical past, faith, and literature will locate lasting worth during this modestly priced variation of a vintage consultant to Latin.
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Additional info for Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar
17 Thus the stem vōc- denotes voice; with -s added it becomes vōx, a voice or the voice, as the subject or agent of an action; with -is it becomes vōcis, and signifies of a voice. —The stem is in many forms so united with the termination that a comparison with other forms is necessary to determine it. 25. A Root is the simplest form attainable by analysis of a word into its component parts. 18 Thus the root of the stem vōc- is voc, which does not mean to call, or I call, or calling, but merely expresses vaguely the idea of calling, and cannot be used as a part of speech without terminations.
A palatal ( c, g) unites with s to form x: as, dux (for †duc-s), rēx (for frēg-s). a. In dissyllabic stems the final syllable often shows e in the nominative and i in the stem: as, prīnceps, stem prīncip- (for -cap-). 57. Nouns of this class are declined as follows: a. ), raven, and many other nouns. 58. Most mute stems are Masculine or Feminine. Those that are neuter have for the Nominative the simple stem. But,— a. Lingual Stems ( t, d) ending in two consonants drop the final mute: as, cor (stem cord-), lac (stem lact-).
19. —Sometimes a consonant lost in Latin is still represented in English: as, niv- (for †sniv-), Eng. snow; ānser (for †hānser), Eng. goose. —From these cases of kindred words in Latin and English must be carefully distinguished those cases in which the Latin word has been taken into English either directly or through some one of the modern descendants of Latin, especially French. Thus faciō is kindred with Eng. do, but from the Latin participle (factum) of this verb comes Eng. fact, and from the French descendant (fait) of factum comes Eng.